The if construct in Kotlin works almost the same as in Java.

val theQuestion = "Doctor who?"
val answer = "Theta Sigma"
val correctAnswer = ""

if (answer == correctAnswer) {
 println("You are correct")
}

Another example, this time, let’s use the else if and else clause.

val d = Date()
val c = Calendar.getInstance()
val day = c.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_WEEK)

if (day == 1) {
 println("Today is Sunday")
}
else if (day == 2) {
 println("Today is Monday")
}
else if ( day == 3) {
 println("Today is Tuesday")
}
else {
  println("Unknown")
}

So far, it looks a lot like how you would you do it in Java. Doesn’t it? What’s different in Kotlin is, the if construct isn’t a statement, it’s an expression. Which means, you can assign the result of the if expression to a variable. Like this

val theQuestion = "Doctor who"
val answer = "Theta Sigma"
val correctAnswer = ""

var message = if (answer == correctAnswer) {
 "You are correct"
}
else{
 "Try again"
}

If you have only one statement (each) on the if and else block, you can even shorten the code, like this

var message = if (answer == correctAnswer) "You are correct" else "Try again"